What is childbirth breathing training?
Breathing during childbirth is the most natural method of analgesia during childbirth, without the intervention of drugs and other equipment, and is easy to operate.
At different times of childbirth, the use of breathing methods can help pregnant mothers reduce the tension and pressure during childbirth, maintain physical strength, control the body, suppress pain, ensure that the fetus gets enough oxygen, and help to enhance the confidence of the expectant mother.
Expectant mothers can start from the 7th month of pregnancy, take more relevant courses for pregnant mothers, practice more at home, and generate muscle memory, which can be used proficiently during labor and delivery, so as to shorten the labor process and allow the baby to deliver smoothly.
What is placental calcification? Is it caused by too much calcium supplementation?
The so-called placental calcification is actually a manifestation of placental maturity. Usually, in the third trimester, the placenta has different degrees of calcification found in B-ultrasound. This is a normal manifestation, which indicates that the baby is well-developed and ready to meet with parents.
Normal placental calcification will not cause the loss of placental nutritional function, nor will it harm the baby’s growth and development. The normal daily calcium supplement is 1000mg, which will not cause premature placental calcification.
However, if the mother is still in the early and second trimester, and the B-ultrasound examination indicates the presence of placental calcification, the obstetrician will recommend the mother-to-be to do further examinations to clarify the cause. Please remember to cooperate.
Is counting fetal movements the most effective means of self-monitoring?
The fetus stretches out its hands and kicks in the womb to hit the uterine wall, which will cause fetal movement. Fetal movement can reflect the development of the fetus in the uterus and the function of the placenta, and it may also indicate the occurrence of diseases in the fetus.
Fetal movement usually occurs at 16-20 weeks of pregnancy. If you still do not feel fetal movement by 22 weeks of pregnancy, you need to see a doctor for examination. It is recommended that expectant mothers can start counting fetal movements half an hour after meals every day, three times a day, one hour each time. Not easy to miss.
Under normal circumstances, the inner fetal movement should be no less than 3 to 5 times per hour, and the continuous fetal movement within 5 minutes is generally counted as one time. The usual self-monitoring data is also very important. Mothers-to-be can make a record every day, and 3 to 5 times is just rough normal data.
For some born “stable” or particularly “active” babies, if the fetal movement is often out of this range of data, remember to tell the doctor during the check-up, as long as the baby’s examination results are normal, there is no need to worry; Usually, the difference is greater than 50%, it needs attention, it is recommended to see a doctor for examination.
What should I do if dizziness occurs during pregnancy?
If dizziness occurs at home, expectant mothers can lie down on their side. Generally, the lateral position can quickly return blood to the trunk and brain, thereby alleviating the symptoms of dizziness and avoiding fainting.
If dizziness occurs in a public place, the mother-to-be can ask the passers-by for help. The passerby should help the mother-to-be to sit down where she can rest and contact her family in time.
If the mother-to-be is driving, she must remember to pull over to protect herself and others. If the symptoms cannot be relieved after a break, the mother-to-be needs to see a doctor in time.
What is the harm to the fetus of expectant mothers suffering from high blood pressure during pregnancy?
The incidence of hypertension during pregnancy in expectant mothers is 5%~12%.
Simply put, high blood pressure during pregnancy will cause spasms of small blood vessels throughout the body and vascular endothelial damage, resulting in reduced perfusion of various systems of the body. In the long run, the baby will be affected, such as fetal development less than the gestational age.
Mothers-to-be need to monitor their blood pressure every time they have a birth check. If they often have unexplained headaches, dizziness, or even blurred vision, they need to see a doctor in time.
Can pregnant/breastfeeding mothers take medicine?
Although it is best for pregnant/breastfeeding mothers to avoid medication, if you must take medication due to illness, you don’t have to worry too much.
Although almost all medicines in the mother’s blood can enter the placenta/breast milk, the content is usually very small, and only part of it is absorbed after entering the baby’s body, so under normal circumstances, it will not cause obvious harm to the baby.
If you blindly avoid medical problems and refuse medication, it will affect your baby’s health. It should be noted that the safety of medication during pregnancy/breastfeeding is divided into levels. Pregnant/breastfeeding mothers need to take the medicine under the guidance of a specialist and must not take the medication by themselves.
The baby eats by himself is a mess, do parents have to bear it?
When the baby is less than 1 year old, parents can encourage the baby to hold the food with his hands and feed himself. Use the spoon yourself and sip the water in the cup, which can increase your interest in eating and cultivate the baby’s ability to gradually learn to eat independently.
Generally, 1-year-old babies can scoop up food with a small spoon, but most of them are scattered. When they are 2 years old, babies can use small spoons to feed themselves. Parents should tolerate the “message” phenomenon when babies just learn to eat by themselves.
Children are picky eaters, what should parents pay attention to?
Family eating habits have a great impact on children. Parents should not show their love or dislike for certain foods in front of their children, and promote their children to change their unhealthy eating behaviors by playing the role models of parents and family members.
Limit snacks between meals for children, no drinks before meals, and a certain period of time (about 3 hours) between meals, so that children can experience hunger and get a sense of fullness through eating, making eating a happy and satisfying process.
For older children, you can also tell them about the health effects of picky eating to make them aware of the hazards of picky eating, so that they can consciously cooperate to correct bad habits.
How to prevent children from picky eating since childhood?
When adding complementary foods during infancy, a variety of foods should be provided. The first-time complementary foods should be specially made, and the continuous addition of food should not be too long, so as to prevent the child from getting tired of eating or becoming dependent.
If the child refuses to accept the new food for the first time, parents should not force the child to eat it. They can try it for the child several times (about 15 times) so that the child can finally accept the taste of the new food.
Cultivate good eating habits, encourage children over 1 year old to eat on their own, and avoid distractions when eating (such as watching TV while eating, telling stories, playing with toys, etc.). Food preparation should be diversified to keep children fresh. Pay attention to supplementing foods rich in trace elements such as zinc and iron in the diet, which is conducive to the prevention of picky eaters.
What are the consequences of picky eating for babies?
Picky eaters have a preference for food types, have no control over the foods they like, and refuse all the foods they don’t like.
There are also some children who eat less, eat slowly and are not interested in food, which will have a certain negative impact on the child’s health in the long run. The mild ones will lead to the lack of certain nutrients in the body. Lead to malnutrition, obesity, gastrointestinal dysfunction, etc.
Why do children have the bad behaviors of picky eaters?
Children are picky eaters. Parents should reflect on whether the types of food provided and the way of making them are too single.
Whether the food texture meets the needs of the child, and whether the supplementary food supplement time has missed the sensitive period of taste development and the critical period of chewing development.
In addition, parents cannot be picky eaters in front of their children. Picky eaters may also be the result of children imitating their family members.
Some children have already developed a preference for certain foods. Parents often make or buy these foods for their children out of spoiling and accommodation. In this way, the children’s preference is easy to be gradually strengthened and become a bad habit.
My baby is two or three years old, should I start eating regularly three meals a day like an adult?
Generally, three main meals are arranged every day the morning, noon, and evening. On this basis, it is recommended to have an extra meal in the morning and afternoon.
There should be 4~5 hours between two meals, 1.5~2 hours between extra meals and regular meals. The extra meals should be mainly milk and fruit with a small amount of staple food. The overall portion should be small, so as not to affect the intake of the meal.