How to prevent myopia in children?

Shorten the continuous use of the eyes at close range, continue to use the eyes for 30-40 minutes, and take a rest for 10 minutes;

Cultivate the correct reading posture (body away from the table, punch and eye more than one foot away from the book), read and play in a good lighting environment;

Ensure that there is sufficient and effective outdoor activity time, an average of about 2 hours per day;

Control the use of electronic products; ensure adequate sleep, reasonable nutrition, and a balanced diet;

Regularly carry out vision screening to find problems early and intervene in time.

How to detect poor eyesight in children as early as possible?

If it is found that the child has the following phenomena, parents should pay attention to it and take the child to the eye examination as soon as possible:

Can’t look at each other with parents and are not interested in communication;

When covering one eye, the child resisted;

Eyeballs “jitter”;

Often squinted, likes to frown, tilt his head, and look sideways;

“Cock-eyes” appeared when looking close;

Watching TV always like to approach the TV and so on.

Are babies born with hyperopia?

Babies are hyperopic at birth. With the growth and development, the axis of the eyes elongated accordingly, and the eyes gradually changed from hyperopia to emmetropia (a state of neither nearsightedness nor farsightedness).

However, some children’s eyes grow and develop, from hyperopia to emmetropia, they do not stop but continue to “grow”, the eyeballs are overdeveloped, the eye axis is too long, and they become myopia.

Before the age of 3, hyperopia within 300 degrees is normal;

3~7 years old, the degree of hyperopia gradually decreases;

After 7 years of age, my hyperopia is basically stable.

How to control the time that children use electronic products?

For children under 2 years old, try to avoid operating various electronic video products;

For children over 2 years old, it is recommended that the time of continuous close gaze should not exceed 30 minutes at a time, the time of operating various electronic video products should not exceed 20 minutes at a time, and the cumulative time per day should not exceed 1 hour.

The proper distance for watching TV is approximately equal to 1.6 times the diagonal length of the screen, and the screen is slightly lower than the eye height.

Will teeth still suffer from dental caries after fluoride is applied?

Children over 3 years old can receive topical fluoride anti-caries measures implemented by oral professionals twice a year.

Like pit and fissure sealing, fluoride is one of the ways to prevent dental caries. If you do not pay attention to brushing your teeth, dental caries will still occur.

What is pit and fissure closure?

Pit and fissure sealing is the most effective way to prevent pit and fissure caries in molars. The principle is to fill the pits and fissures of teeth with polymer materials so that the tooth surface becomes smooth and easy to clean, and bacteria are not easy to retain, so as to prevent pit and fissure caries.

Teeth that meet the indications checked by a specialist can be sealed with pits and fissures. After the pits and fissures are closed, there is still the possibility of dental caries, so you should still pay attention to the cleaning of the teeth and not be careless.

Does baby tooth decay need to be refilled?

The idea that “deciduous teeth always have to be replaced, and if they are broken, they don’t need to be treated” is wrong.

Tooth decay can cause deciduous teeth pain and chewing discomfort. The inability to effectively grind food may increase the burden on the child’s gastrointestinal tract. The preference for chewing on one side can also cause facial asymmetry.

Bacteria concealed in dental caries can also become a predisposing factor of systemic diseases, and severe dental caries damage can also endanger the growth of permanent teeth.

Not only that, dental caries may also affect the child’s language development and social psychology.

Therefore, once caries is found, it is recommended to go to the dental specialist for examination as soon as possible. The specialist will need to judge whether it can be repaired.

Can children use dental floss?

Can. When the child’s deciduous teeth completely erupt, parents can use dental floss to clean the adjacent surfaces of the child’s teeth, which is the gap between the teeth. Dental floss is a safe and effective way to clean the mouth, and it will not enlarge the gap between teeth when used correctly.

How to feed is good for children’s oral health?

Promote breastfeeding, feed regularly after the baby’s teeth begin to grow, and gradually reduce the number of night feedings;

Artificially fed children should avoid the bottle pressing on their upper and lower jaws, and do not develop the habit of sleeping with a bottle or nipple in it.

After the teeth begin to grow, you can give 1 to 2 mouthfuls of warm water to clean your mouth before sleeping at night.

After the baby is 1 year old, reduce the use of feeding bottles and gradually transition to drinking water from a cup. It is generally recommended to stop using the feeding bottle after 18 months.

At what age do babies need to brush their teeth?

When the teeth begin to grow, parents can use warm water to soak the sterile gauze or finger toothbrush to gently scrub the baby’s teeth, 1 to 2 times a day, when multiple teeth grow out, you can choose an infant toothbrush to brush the baby twice a day.

After 3 years old, you can teach your children to choose a toothbrush suitable for their age, and use the simplest “circle method to brush their teeth”. Place the bristles on the tooth surface, press lightly to flex the bristles, draw circles on the tooth surface, and repeatedly paint each part. Make a circle more than 5 times, and all sides of the teeth should be brushed.

Parents should help their children brush their teeth because the fine motor development of younger children is not perfect to ensure the effect of brushing their teeth.

My baby can’t speak yet, should I talk to my baby?

Yes. The development of a child’s language first requires language input.

Research has found that some of the first words a child acquires are the most important people, favorite things or objects in his life. Therefore, parents have to say what their children are interested in and repeat them over and over again.

Is the child slurred speech because the tongue is too short?

Generally not. A small number of children still have a short tongue frenulum when they are 4 to 5 years old. Even for these children, a large number of clinical studies have proved that the tongue frenulum is not related to their speech development.

Unless the tongue frenulum is too short and accompanied by other oral abnormalities or mouth movement problems, or the tongue frenulum is too short to be extremely serious, in general, the tongue frenulum is too short to cause slurred speech in children.

Children’s slurred speech is a relatively common clinical problem. Once it occurs, parents should take their children to a professional physician or hospital—speech therapist in time to find out the cause based on the results of a comprehensive evaluation, and then formulate a scientific treatment plan.

Clinically, unless there is an obvious difficulty in sucking breast milk, it is not recommended to perform surgery for a short tongue frenulum in the neonatal or infancy period.

How to judge that the baby’s language development is lagging behind other children?

If an 18-month-old baby is still not called “Dad, Mom”;

At 2 years old, I don’t have a vocabulary of 50 words, so I can’t connect two words together, such as “mother hug”;

3-year-old children cannot express simple 3-word sentences, such as “I want juice.” These situations should arouse the attention of parents. Take the baby to the hospital’s pediatric care department, developmental behavior pediatrics, or speech therapy department as soon as possible. Evaluation, early detection of problems, treatment, and intervention.

Are there any problems for babies to learn vocabulary with a tablet/mobile phone?

The acquisition of vocabulary is the process of forming various concepts. It requires us to use multiple senses to obtain each concept.

For example, if a child wants to understand the word “apple”, he needs to know what an apple looks like, how it feels to the touch, what it smells like, and what it is used for so that he has an “apple” the concept of.

However, the electronic screen only uses the sense of sight and hearing, and it is not comprehensive for the formation of the concept. Therefore, TVs, tablets, mobile phones, etc. are not the best way for children to learn languages.

How should I communicate with my baby?

Parents should have more contact with the baby, talk, smile, hug, etc. with affection, and respond to the baby’s voice with a smile, voice or nodding.

Learn to recognize your baby’s crying, soothe your emotions in time and meet your baby’s needs.

Such as breastfeeding as needed, changing diapers, avoiding physical discomfort, etc., so that the baby can feel safe.

Give your baby touches, let them look at human faces or toys with bright colors, listen to pleasant ringtones and music, etc., to promote the development of their senses, perceptions, and perceptions.