Why drink formula milk instead of pure milk?

Under special circumstances, if the baby needs mixed feeding or artificial feeding, infant formula milk suitable for the age should be added. Other unprocessed animal milk (mainly cow milk, goat milk, etc.) is not suitable for the baby’s digestive tract, immune function, and kidney development level.

Modern science and technology are used to transform animal milk so that the nutrient components are as close to breast milk as possible. Standard infant formula after transformation should also be selected according to age.

The nutritional value of goat milk is roughly the same as that of cow milk, but the content of folic acid in goat milk is very small. Long-term feeding of goat milk can easily lead to megaloblastic anemia.

Horse milk has low protein and fat content and low energy, so it is not suitable for long-term feeding.

Why do some premature infants need to add breast milk fortifiers when breastfeeding?

Although breast milk has many advantages in nutrition, immunity, and metabolism, it still cannot meet the needs of some premature babies and babies with low birth weight. Their growth needs protein and a variety of nutrients, resulting in slower growth.

Therefore, it is recommended that some breastfed premature infants and low birth weight infants use breast milk fortifiers containing protein, minerals, and vitamins to ensure that their nutritional needs are met. For premature babies with a gestational age of fewer than 34 weeks and a birth weight of less than 2000g, intensive breastfeeding should be the first choice.

Do formula-fed babies need extra water?

Generally not needed.

The formula of formula milk is based on breast milk as a template. Under the condition of correct preparation, the concentration of protein and minerals is close to breast milk, so no additional water is required.

Frequent water feeding will also reduce the baby’s milk production and affect growth. Of course, if the weather is hot, sweating, fever, diarrhea, and other pathological conditions, you can drink water appropriately according to the situation.

What are the common incorrect methods of preparing milk powder?

Commonly incorrect formula milk powder preparation methods are:

A flat spoon is not naturally scraped after being scooped out but shaken or shaken, which will increase the weight of the formula and increase the concentration of the formula.

Some parents arbitrarily estimated when preparing milk powder, it was originally a spoonful of 60m water. It takes about half a spoon to rinse with 30ml of water.

Some parents feel that the baby refuses to drink water or has dry stools, so they flush more water every time they flush milk.

These incorrect preparation methods make the powdered milk powder too thick or too thin. If the formula is too thick, it will increase the burden on the baby’s kidneys and cause potential damage to the baby’s immature kidneys. Long-term use of diluted formula can cause infant nutrition. Poor, slow growth.

How to prepare milk powder?

a. Boil fresh tap water. If you use an automatic electric kettle, wait until the kettle is powered off and make sure that the water reaches a boil.

b. Clean the place where the milk powder is prepared and wash your hands.

c. Pour out the water left in the bottle and nipple.

d. Pour an appropriate amount of warm water into the sterilized baby bottle.

e. According to the instructions on the milk powder tank, add the exact amount of milk powder (adding too much milk powder can cause the baby to become dehydrated; too little milk powder can affect the growth and development).

When measuring powdered milk, you must use the measuring spoon attached to the tank. Fill the measuring spoon first, then scrape it with a clean back of the knife. Do not squeeze the powdered milk.

f. Install the nipple and bottle cap, shake or turn gently until the milk powder is completely dissolved.

g. Rinse the lower part of the bottle under running tap water or put it into a container with cold water, to quickly cool the formula to a suitable temperature for feeding.

When cooling with tap water, the water should not touch the upper end of the bottle.

h. Dry the baby bottle and drop the milk on the back of your hand to test the temperature of the milk before feeding to avoid scalding the baby’s mouth.

The prepared formula should be consumed as soon as possible. If it has not been used within 2 hours, it must be thrown away.

How to clean and disinfect milk foam?

All feeding bottles, pacifiers, and other utensils used to prepare milk powder must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

Before cleaning the feeding equipment, you need to thoroughly clean your hands, then wash the bottle and pacifier with detergent, clean the inside and outside of the bottle and pacifier with a bottle brush, and then rinse thoroughly with water.

To sterilize the baby bottle, boiling sterilization is generally used. Put the feeding bottle, nipple, and feeding bottle cap into the pot, add water to completely cover all utensils, cover the pot, heat to boiling, then continue to boil for 5 minutes, turn off the heat and wait for it to cool naturally.

Take out the sterilized feeding utensils from the pot, wash your hands thoroughly again, and then use the sterilized pliers to clamp out the sterilized milk bottle, nipple, and bottle cap. If it is not used immediately, put the bottle, nipple, and bottle cap on, and then put it in a clean and covered container for later use.

Don’t give up breastfeeding if you don’t have enough milk? What should I do if my baby is malnourished?

First of all, it is necessary to find the reasons for insufficient milk, most of which are because breast milk has not been sucked effectively and the number of feedings is not enough.

If it is true that the baby’s growth is affected by insufficient milk supply, the mother should not give up breastfeeding easily and can take a supplementary part of breastfeeding.

Partial breastfeeding means that the mother’s breastfeeding frequency is the same as that of exclusive breastfeeding to maintain the baby’s sucking and stimulate milk secretion. If the baby is still unsatisfied with emptying the breast, cannot sleep quietly and has insufficient weight gain, it is advisable to supplement with infant formula. The amount of supplementary formula is determined according to the needs of the infant, rather than a fixed amount of milk each time.

How to relieve the baby’s spilled milk?

The baby’s stomach is in a horizontal position with a small volume, and the stomach muscles are not perfect, the cardia sphincter is loose, and a small amount of milk is often spilled from the corners of the mouth after breastfeeding. It is more common in breastfeeding or swallowing air, which does not affect health.

After feeding, you should burp your baby for a few minutes to relieve the discomfort caused by swallowing air while sucking.

There are two ways to burp: one is to put the baby’s head on the mother’s shoulders and lift it upright and pat the back; the other is to place the baby on the mother’s thigh, and then support the baby’s head and neck with one hand. Pat on the back with the other hand.

After feeding, continue to maintain the baby’s upper body in an upright position for about 10-20 minutes to reduce spitting up. Note that if the baby has no improvement in the symptoms of milk overflow after trying the above methods, or the weight gain is poor, you should consult a doctor in time.

What is the normal stool of a breastfed baby?

The baby’s stool will gradually turn into normal stool within 2 to 3 days after birth. As the frequency of breastfeeding increases, the color of stool gradually changes from dark green at first, to yellow-green, light yellow transitional stools, and finally, yellow or golden yellow, uniform paste or with little yellow stool particles, or more Thin, green, and not smelly, the baby has an average of 2 to 6 bowel movements per day.

How to tell if the baby is getting enough during breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding babies generally feed 8~12 times a day, and each breastfeeding time is 10~15 minutes. During breastfeeding, the baby will suck rhythmically, accompanied by an audible swallowing sound, and the baby will take the initiative to spit out the nipple when he is full. Or fall asleep.

Have 1.5 to 2 hours of continuous sleep between feedings, and urinate more than 6 times a day. In addition, it is very important that the baby’s weight gains well. Under these conditions, it means that the baby is full and has eaten enough.

Under what circumstances should breastfeeding be prohibited?

The mother is diagnosed or suspected of new coronavirus pneumonia;

Or the mother is receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy, suffering from active pulmonary tuberculosis, and has not been effectively treated;

The mother suffers from hepatitis B, and the newborn is not vaccinated against hepatitis B at birth;

The mother suffers from hepatitis B immune globulin, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, herpes on the breast, and drug abuse.

Not suitable for breastfeeding. Mothers who suffer from serious diseases, other infectious diseases or taking drugs should consult a doctor and decide whether they can breastfeed according to the situation.

Breastfeeding on-demand or on time?

Breastfeeding should follow the process of infant gastrointestinal maturation and growth and development, from on-demand feeding mode to regular feeding mode.

Babies before 3 months of age should follow the principle of feeding on demand. Don’t force the frequency and timing of feeding. Generally, the number of feedings per day can be more than 8 times.

As the baby’s age increases, gradually reduce the number of feedings and establish a good diet of regular feeding.

Is using a breast pump to suck milk for the baby the same as breastfeeding?

Mothers should try their best to kiss them if possible. Because “the baby is hungry-sucking the nipple-breast emptying-milk secretion” this is a virtuous cycle.

The baby’s appetite and mother’s milk secretion will reach a balance. Using a breast pump to pump out milk will disrupt this balance, and the amount of milk pumped out will exceed the baby’s needs, leading to overfeeding and increasing the baby’s possibility of being overweight or obese.

In addition, because there are more intermediate links, it will also increase the chance of milk being contaminated and increase the risk of infection for the baby.