What to do with breastfeeding mothers’ mastitis?
Acute mastitis has become an important factor affecting novice mothers to insist on breastfeeding.
Generally speaking, from the occurrence of mastitis to the urgent need for treatment, it takes about 1 to 3 days. The manifestations include:
① Local tenderness, swelling, and elevated skin temperature of breasts;
②There are often cracked nipples, tingling nipples during breastfeeding, accompanied by poor milk storage or agglomeration, and sometimes one or two milk ducts may be blocked or blocked;
③ Chills, with symptoms similar to flu, which may be accompanied by fever.
So, how to prevent it? Or how to carry out home care when the early symptoms appear?
First of all, let’s take a look at prevention. Mothers who have just experienced childbirth have relatively low immunity and are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. Therefore, it is particularly important to ensure that mothers have adequate rest.
In addition, encourage you to take a bath and relax before breastfeeding to keep your mood happy. Mothers who have just given birth to a baby will experience physical swelling of the breasts, with hard breasts, increased skin temperature, and difficulty in breastfeeding.
We can use refrigerated cabbage for appropriate cold compresses, gently massage the areola until it is soft and then breastfeed, which can double the result with half the effort. This is also one of the measures to prevent acute mastitis.
During the breastfeeding process, the family can help the mother to check whether the baby’s holding posture is accurate. A good holding posture should be: the baby’s chin is close to the breast, the cheeks are full when sucking, and the baby’s slow and deep sucking action can be seen, And heard the sound of swallowing.
If the posture is inaccurate, it may affect the baby’s sucking. Failure to drink milk may cause the baby to be unfriendly to the mother’s nipples, and cracked nipples may occur.
Remind mothers to perform daily breast examinations. If white spots or local swelling of the nipples are found, pour edible olive oil on sterile cotton balls or gauze, and wet the mother’s nipples. After softening the white spots, invite our best breastfeeding teacher, that is, the baby to appear on the stage.
Then, ask your dad for help. You can take a variety of breastfeeding positions, place your baby’s chin against the lumps of the breast, and increase the number of sucking times, which can generally be significantly relieved.
Mastering the above three methods can greatly reduce the incidence of acute mastitis, reduce the number of medical visits, and make breastfeeding more smooth.
How to promote the milk secretion of breastfeeding mothers?
a. Breastfeeding as needed: Infants within 3 months of age should suck frequently, no less than 8 times a day so that the mother’s nipple can be stimulated enough to promote milk secretion.
b. Breast emptying: The milk ejection reflex produced by sucking can make the baby get a lot of milk in a short time; it should be emphasized that the breasts on both sides alternate breastfeeding, and each breastfeeding should first empty one breast and then feed the other side.
c. Breast massage: apply heat to the breast before breastfeeding, pat or massage the breast from the outer edge to the areola, which can promote breast blood circulation, conduction of breast sensory nerve, and secretion of milk
d. Family support: to ensure that the mother is physically and mentally happy, has adequate sleep, reasonable nutrition, and promotes milk secretion.
Why encourage exclusive breastfeeding of babies within 6 months of age?
Breast milk is the most ideal food for babies. Breastfeeding can generally meet all the fluids, energy, and nutrients needed by babies under 6 months of age.
Therefore, there is no need to add water, juice, and other liquid and solid foods to the baby during this period, so as not to reduce the baby’s breast milk intake and affect the mother’s milk secretion.
For babies, breast milk is easy to digest and absorb, which helps growth and development. It can also prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections, and reduce the incidence of allergic diseases and childhood obesity.
For mothers, breastfeeding not only helps uterine contraction, prevents postpartum hemorrhage, delays pregnancy again, promotes body recovery, but also reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
More importantly, breastfeeding is conducive to the emotional communication between parents and children and promotes the emotional development of the baby.
How many times should the baby be fed on the first day of birth?
On the first day, you should try to let your baby suck more than 8 times, and the breastfeeding time does not need to be too fixed each time.
Generally speaking, a breastfeeding time is generally within 4 minutes to half an hour. A breastfeeding time that is too long or too short may be due to some problems.
Frequent feeding can ensure that the baby gets the amount of breast milk that it needs, and it can also ensure that the amount of milk secretion can meet the baby’s needs, because the baby is the “best actor”, and sucking can stimulate the mother to breastfeed as soon as possible.
How to feed a newborn baby correctly?
Hold the baby to your side and put it directly into the nipple, or is it convenient to feed it directly with a bottle?
In fact, the best way is to stimulate the baby’s primitive instincts to induce breastfeeding through skin contact.
Mothers can take the posture of lying down and semi-recumbent so that the newborn baby has the opportunity to engage with each other independently. Skin contact seems simple, but it is the best way to stimulate the newborn’s instinct. The baby has the ability to crawl to the breast and start sucking. of.
The correct posture for breastfeeding?
Mothers should wash their hands before each breastfeeding. Common feeding positions are horizontal cradle, cross, and rugby.
No matter what posture is adopted, the baby’s head and body should be in a straight line, the baby’s body should be close to the mother, the head and neck should be supported, and the nose should face the mother’s nipple.
The correct holding position is that the baby’s lower jaw is attached to the breast, the mouth is open, the nipple and most of the areola are contained in the mouth, the lower lip is turned outward, and the upper part of the mouth has more areola than the lower part.
The baby sucks slowly and deeply. If you can hear the swallowing sound, it means that the breast is in the correct posture and the sucking is effective. Pay attention to the interaction between mother and baby during breastfeeding.
How do breastfeeding mothers preserve breast milk correctly?
When the mother goes out or has too much breast milk, she can squeeze her breast milk into a clean container or a special “milk bag”, store it in the refrigerator or an ice pack, and heat it with warm water to about 40°C before eating.
Pay attention to the storage time limit of breast milk. The maximum storage time is 4 hours at room temperature 25°C, the longest storage time in the refrigerator is 24 hours, and it can be stored in the refrigerator (below -20°C) for 3 months.
Can I breastfeed if I have sunken or chapped nipples?
Inverted nipples require simple nipple care. Clean, squeeze and pinch the nipples with clean water (no soap or alcohol) every day. Mothers can also use a nipple suction device to correct inverted nipples.
Mothers should learn to “breastfeed” instead of “nipple feeding”. Most babies can still suck milk from flat or sunken nipples.
After each breastfeeding, squeeze a little milk evenly on the nipples and areola to prevent nipple chapped and infection due to dryness. When the nipple is severely chapped, it is recommended to take medication under the guidance of a doctor.
How to make a baby’s mouth and jaw close to the mother’s breast when breastfeeding?
Mothers should know that it is not “nipple feeding” but “breastfeeding”.
The correct breast-holding position of the baby is to include the nipple and most of the areola in the mouth.
The correct milk can effectively stimulate the mother to secrete milk, and can also avoid nipple chapped.
Be careful not to let the breasts press your baby’s nose.
When the mother is breastfeeding, the correct posture for supporting the breast: the index finger and thumb are in a “c” shape, the index finger supports the base of the breast, the thumb lightly presses the upper part of the breast, and the other three fingers are placed together on the chest wall under the breast.
What should I prepare before breastfeeding?
Infants waiting to breastfeed should be awake, hungry, and have changed clean diapers.
Before breastfeeding, let the baby use the nose to press or lick the mother’s breast with the tongue. The baby’s smell and body contact during breastfeeding can stimulate the lactating mother’s milk ejection reflex.
In addition to the above routine preparations, mothers should also pay attention to washing their hands before breastfeeding.
If a pregnant woman is diagnosed with a new coronavirus infection, will it be transmitted to the fetus?
At present, there is not enough data to confirm whether the new coronavirus infection has the risk of mother-to-fetus transmission.
The doctor will make judgments based on the specific conditions of the patient, including the gestational age and the severity of the disease. If necessary, the obstetrician, the infectious department, the intensive care unit, the neonatologist, etc. are required to discuss together.
Focus on the safety of pregnant women. If there is fever or persistent high fever in early pregnancy, attention must be paid to it. The virus is still harmful to embryonic tissues in early pregnancy.